Curling is a sport in which players slide stones on a sheet of ice towards a target area which is segmented into four concentric circles. It is related to bowls, boules, and shuffleboard. Two teams, each with four players, take turns sliding heavy, polished granite stones, also called rocks, across the ice curling sheet towards the house, a circular target marked on the ice.
Each team has eight stones, with each player throwing two. The purpose is to accumulate the highest score for a game; points are scored for the stones resting closest to the center of the house at the conclusion of each end, which is completed when both teams have thrown all of their stones. A game usually consists of eight or ten ends.
Curling was added to the Winter Olympics in 1998.
For more detailed explanation of the rules, click here to view the Canadian Rules for General Play.
Mixed doubles is a dynamic form of curling, where it is all about stone positioning, a lot of play to the four foot circle and a lot about angles. It is a faster version of curling that only requires two players, one male and one female, on each team.
Both teams start every end with one stone that has been pre-placed and play five stones each, so the maximum number of points in each end is six (instead of eight). Click here for more on mixed doubles.
The mixed doubles format was added to the Winter Olympics in 2018.
Sturling is a another two-person form of curling which is open to individuals of any age and gender. It is open to both those with a traditional slide delivery as well as those who use a stick to deliver, including wheelchair curlers. (Click here to see an example of a stick delivery.)
All Sturling curling games are six ends. One member of each team stays at each end of the rink. The two delivering players (one from each team) alternately deliver six stones each per end, while their teammate skips, or decides the strategy, for that end. Roles are then reversed for the next end and the partners deliver the stones back.